(Lehi, UT) Today more than ever software developers need to have access to a reliable partner who will keep their source code safe while making sure the end users maintain the ability to use the mission critical software should the worst happen. In an effort to meet this demand, EscrowTech International, Inc. launched software escrow services to provide developers, as well as end users with invaluable peace of mind.
“With our software escrow services, developers and users can mitigate the business continuity risks associated with a software license,” stated company representative Bryan Christiansen. “If you are responsible for creating mission-critical software applications, you need to provide your customers with some type of guarantee that you – or at a minimum, your source code – will be around in case they ever need maintenance, recompiling, updating or reinstallation. Even if you have a sterling reputation, your customers may want more than just your word if they are making a major software purchase.”
The software escrow service provided today is the something extra many customers are looking for. It is a method of reducing risk when there are two, or more, parties that are working to negotiate a software license. By using source code escrow services, the source code will be placed in a secure account and held by a reputable independent third party.
“With our services, if the software developer is unable to support their product for the reasons outlined in the escrow agreement, such as merger acquisition, obsolescence or bankruptcy, the licenses are still going to have access to the source code needed to keep the mission-critical applications up and running,” continued Christiansen.
With the software escrow solutions provided by EscrowTech, parties can enjoy smoother negotiations, establish confidence by addressing concerns of potential licensees and provide safe storage of the source code, along with other materials with a single company rather than scattered across several customers. The additional security and peace of mind make the services invaluable for modern businesses.
ABOUT ESCROWTECH INTERNATIONAL, INC
EscrowTech offers “two site” storage for source code, IT assets, documentation, intellectual property and other types of technology materials to provide added retention security at no additional fees. The company offers clients 24-hour armed protection, as well as 24-hour electronic surveillance. The vault is also constructed with fire retardant material and located inside of a granite mountain. Thanks to the unique construction, the location is natural disaster proof and meets the federal standards regarding temperature, humidity and other factors for archival storage.
What You Should Know About Workplace Safety Standards In the twenty first century, nothing is more important than safety. If you have a construction company, you understand that safety is paramount. At the same time, keeping a workplace safe isn’t easy. Remember that life can be very unpredictable. Be aware that workplace accidents can come in many different varieties. Chemical spills are incredibly common, but falls can be just as problematic. If you want to increase workplace standards, it only makes sense to look over the ASSE standards. Remember that if you care about your business, you need to remain diligent. Be aware that workplace safety can improve your company in a variety of ways. Before you do anything else, you’ll want to think about the legal standards. If you are not meeting safety standards, you could face lawsuits. If you actually suffer an accident, these issues will become much worse. If you’re serious about increasing safety, it only makes sense to look at the American Society of Safety Engineers standards. As you may imagine, it’s important to look at your overall efficiency. Remember that the modern business world is remarkably competitive. It will be difficult for you to succeed if your company is inefficient. Efficiency goes down when people suffer injuries. You will be paying for someone not to work, and you will also have to bring on more people. Fortunately, there is something that you can do. If you implement the American Society of Safety Engineers Standards, you can dramatically improve the safety of your workplace. By staying diligent, you can get the help that you need to improve your workplace. 5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Resources
It should be stated that on the job accidents can be very serious. If an accident occurs, your business will be adversely impacted. An accident can lead to a major injury, and it’s even possible to suffer a fatality. If you want to prevent the worst, you need to stay prepared. Organization is key here. Before you do anything else, you’ll want to honestly and thoroughly assess your current situation.The first step in the process is to honestly assess the situation that you find yourself in. Valuable Lessons I’ve Learned About Services
You will not be able to fix an issue until you actually acknowledge it. Look for the common sources of accidents. Human error can be very problematic, but mechanical malfunction can also occur. As you may imagine, it’s impossible to completely eliminate the risk of accidents. If you stay diligent, though, you should be able to stay safe. Remember that it isn’t enough to implement the proper tools. To learn more about workplace safety, you’ll want to consult with the American Society of Safety Engineers standards.
The Standards of the American Society of Safety Engineers. The American Society of Safety Engineers offers the safety requirements for anything having to do with transportation, storage, handling, and the usage of commercial explosives. They also have standards for just general usage of equipment and employee considerations. There is a less chance of an accident occurring when all different companies within the same industry are following the same rules and adhering to the same process, and it also makes it easier to find out what went wrong when anything does. These days there are over 36,000 people signed up as members in the American Society of Safety Engineers, and those people live in 80 different countries. With 155 different chapters it’s unlikely that all the members will get the chance to meet, but the organization does provide a lot of opportunity for people to stay in touch on social media. Making the workplace safer using the American Society of Safety Engineers standards means that fewer people get sick, get hurt, or pass away from work related accidents. Employees working under the American Society of Safety Engineers protocol might even become more productive and enjoy their work experience even more, which means that there is fewer work missed and all around greater productivity. When someone joins the American Society of Safety Engineers they can join as either a professional, member, associate, international, student, or emeritus. Members can enjoy the use of the training programs, whose options include: Certification Preparation Workshops, Certificate in Safety Management, The Executive Program in Safety Management, Global Safety Management Certificate Program, SeminarFest Symposia, Live and Self-Paced e-Learning Events, and On-site Training. Lessons Learned About Resources
Members can also attend a conference each June which will have speakers talking about relevant subjects as well as the opportunity to meet a lot of the other members who have chosen to fly out for the opportunity. In addition to the speaker series, the conferences also have an exposition where people share their knowledge at hundreds of tables. There are many safety organizations out there, and some trusted members of the American Society of Safety Engineers take part in 40 others for a more cohesive knowledge about safety overall. The American Society of Safety Engineers also is linked to the following American National Standards Institute committees: Safety Requirements for Construction and Demolition Operations. Protection of Floor and Wall Openings, Health & Safety Standards for Ventilation Systems, Occupational Health and Safety Systems, Motor Vehicle Safety Operations, Respiratory Protection, Confined Spaces, Lockout/Tagout and Alternative Methods, and Fall Protection. 5 Uses For Resources
The knowledge of the American Society of Safety Engineers knows no bounds, and they consider themselves knowledgeable on subjects such as transportation, fire protection, health and wellness, agriculture, construction, mining, and many others.
Interesting Facts That You Need To Know With Regards To Working From Home
We are already living in a modern world wherein jobs can now be find online and can be done at the comfort of one’s home and by far, many of those who are working from home claim that it is the most rewarding and the most fulfilling experience they have every encountered in their life. There are those who are managing their business at their own home while there are also those who are working online jobs at home. Many claim that working from home is one of the best thing that has happened to them since they need not have to worn themselves out working since they can just comfortably manage their business at home as they have the freedom to set their hours of work and even create marketing materials for their business at home. If you have a business and you want to manage it at the comfort of your home as you have your own family whom you want to be with all the time, the best option that you can choose for is to go with working from home as doing this will allow you to schedule your days depending on the lifestyle of your family.
Speaking of working at home in comfort, it does not mean that you will be working wearing your pajamas or perhaps your sweatshirt, what it mean is that you are at home for the sake of your family. The importance of working from home lies on the way you get to do the things that you are so passionate about because doing what you love to do will bring out the best in your such as your gifts, your great abilities, your skill set and even your talents, most especially when it comes to setting up a home based business that is phenomenal as well as profitable.
Working from home also means that you working for yourself and when you work for yourself, you are breaking through the ceiling of doing things your own way and incorporating all the ideas that you have into your own business, guaranteeing that your business will attain success that is long-lasting. Working for yourself means that you are your own boss and this means that you have the freedom of designing your own business the way you see fit, you get to schedule your own working hours in accordance to the lifestyle of your family plus, you can put all the system in place as this will help your business survive the cutthroat of success.
When you have your own business and you are working from your home, this means that there will be no cap on how much you will be earning every single day, every single week, every single month or even every single year.
A company that wants to spread information effectively regarding the different products and services that they will be needing the help of a quality website. And that is why it is important that you will have a quality website. You have to make it a point that you will now the different factors that are involved for a website to have quality.
Quick website loading, appealing design, comfortable navigation are some of the factors that will be able to attract a visitor to your website. Making these visitors into clients and making them come back for more is basically the challenge. You will be able to do these things by making sure that you will have quality contents and regular updates on your website. It is these things though that may pose a problem. A technical and programming skills and know how is what is needed for you to be able to maintain your website.
It is in the market today that you will be able to find a number of different companies that will be able to provide the services that you need. But one thing that you have to know though is that they may require a high cost and that is a thing that most small business owners will not be able to afford.
That is why for this segment of the market, there is another solution and that is the content management system or the CMS. In order to manage the content of the website that you have, the CMS is an application that has a web-based tools, web database and templates. That is why if you have a website that needs constant updates and additions, then using a CMS can be very helpful for you. It is the CMS that is very easy to sue plus it also gives you the chance to edit text as well as manage images. That is why regardless if you do not have any background with web programming and all the technical stuff that it requires, the CMS will still give you the ability manage your website. And no matter where you are, the needed modifications and updates on your website can be done by you right there and then. In order to do it, all you need to have is an internet connection and your computer.
When you are looking for a CMS package, then you will find a number of them on the market today. You can have the option to choose the ones that are for free or some that commercial. It is the commercial though that will give you a warranty and a full technical support. When you want to have a safe way, then you must opt for the commercial type of CMS. If expanding your business is one plan that you have, then having a CMS that will also be able to expand with you is the one that you should select.
Blown Film Extrusion Introduction Blown film extrusion is a technology that is the most common method to make plastic films, especially for the packaging industry. The process involves extruding a tube of molten polymer through a die and inflating to several times its initial diameter to form a thin film bubble. This bubble is then collapsed and used as a lay-flat film or can be made into bags. Usually polyethylene is used with this process, and other materials can be used as blends with these polymers. A diagram of a polyethylene chain is shown in Figure 1 to the right. Background Theory on Polymers
In the cooling step of blown film extrusion, the amorphous, transparent melt crystallizes to form a translucent, hazy, or opaque film. The point where opacity begins in the bubble is known as the frost line. Fig 1: Model of polytheylene chain frompolyethylene Wikipedia article.The frost line height is controlled by several parameters: the air flow, film speed, and temperature difference between the film and the surroundings.Properties of the film, such as tensile strength, flexural strength, toughness, and optical properties, drastically change depending on the orientation of the molecules. As the transverse or hoop direction properties increase, the machine or longitudinal direction properties decrease. For instance, if all the molecules were aligned in the machine direction, it would be easy to tear the film in that direction, and very difficult in the transverse direction. The Film Blowing machine Process
Fig 2: Schematic of set-up from User:J.Chiang.
Typically, blown film extrusion is carried out vertically upwards, however horizontal and downward extrusion processes are now becoming more common. Figure 2 shows a schematic of the set-up for blown film extrusion. This procedure consists of four main steps:The polymer material starts in a pellet form, which are successively compacted and melted to form a continuous, viscous liquid. This molten plastic is then forced, or extruded, through an annular die.Air is injected through a hole in the center of the die, and the pressure causes the extruded melt to expand into a bubble. The air entering the bubble replaces air leaving it, so that even and constant pressure is maintained to ensure uniform thickness of the film.The bubble is pulled continually upwards from the die and a cooling ring blows air onto the film. The film can also be cooled from the inside using internal bubble cooling. This reduces the temperature inside the bubble, while maintaining the bubble diameter.After solidification at the frost line, the film moves into a set of nip rollers which collapse the bubble and flatten it into two flat film layers. The puller rolls pull the film onto windup rollers. The film passes through idler rolls during this process to ensure that there is uniform tension in the film. Between the nip rollers and the windup rollers, the film may pass through a treatment centre, depending on the application. During this stage, the film may be slit to form one or two films, or surface treated.AdvantagesBlown film generally has a better balance of mechanical properties than cast or extruded films because it is drawn in both the transverse and machine directions. Mechanical properties of the thin film include tensile and flexural strength, and toughness. The nearly uniform properties in both directions allow for maximum toughness in the film. Blown film extrusion can be used to make one large film, two smaller ones, or tubes that can be made into bags. Also, one die can make many different widths and sizes without significant trimming. This high level of flexibility in the process leads to less scrap material and higher productivity. Blown films also require lower melting temperatures than cast extrusion. Measured at the die opening, the temperature of cast film is about 220 C, where as the temperature of blown film is about 135 C. Furthermore, the cost of the equipment is approximately 50% of a cast line. Blown Film Extrusion DisadvantagesBlown film has a less effective cooling process than flat film. Flat film cooling is done by means of chill rolls or water, which have significantly higher specific heat capacities than the air that is used in the blown film cooling process. The higher specific heat capacity allows the substance to absorb more heat with less change in the substance temperature. Compared to cast film, blown film has a more complicated and less accurate method to control film thickness; cast film has a thickness variation of 1 to 2% versus the 3 to 4% for blown film. The resins used for casting typically have a lower melt flow index, which is the amount of polymer that can be forced through a standard die in 10 minutes according to a standard procedure. The melt flow index for cast film is about 5.0 g/10 min where as for blown film it is about 1.0 g/10 min. Consequently, the production rates for cast film are higher: cast film lines can reach production rates of up to 300m/min where as blown film lines are usually less than half this value. And finally, cast film has better optical properties, including transparency, haze, and gloss. Common ProblemsAir entrapment between film layers and rollers – this may cause film scratching or wrinkling, or processing problems when winding up the film due to reduced friction. Possible solutions to this is using a vacuum to remove entrapped air or by using winding rolls with a diamond shaped groove in the rubber cover to increase surface area and decrease amount of entrapped air in the film.Large output fluctuations from the die – this causes thickness variations, and can be prevented by keeping the extruder clean and by using more consistently shaped pellets in the extruder.Melt fractures – these appear as roughness or wavy lines on the film surface, and can be eliminated by lowering the viscosity of the polymer melt. This can be done by increasing the melting temperature or by adding an internal lubricant to the material composition.Thickness variations in the film – this can be avoided by centering the die in the extrusion line before every run, adjusting the air speed of the cooling system, or by using heated die lips.Die lines on the surface of the film – this defect reduces the aesthetic appeal of the film, reduces optical properties, and weakens mechanical properties such as tear strength. This can usually be avoided by routinely cleaning the inner surfaces of the die and by refinishing scratched or roughened flow surfaces.Gels – these defects are small, hard globules encapsulated in the film or stuck on the film surface and reduce the aesthetic appeal of the film and cause stress concentration points which may result in premature failure. These are caused by overheating to the point of polymer degradation in the die, and can therefore be avoided by cleaning the inner surfaces of the die on a regular basis.Optimization of the Process CoextrusionOne way to improve the line efficiency of blown film extrusion is to implement coextrusion. This is the process of extruding two or more materials simultaneously through a single die. The orifices in the die are arranged such that the layers merge together before cooling. This process saves time because it extrudes two or more layers at the same time, and it provides a method with fewer steps to produce multilayer films. The production rate for a coextruded multilayer film of three layers is about 65m/min, and the production rate for a single layer of blown film is about 130m/min. Thus, in order to produce 10 000m of a three layer multilayer film, it would take almost 4 hours using a single layer blown film process, and only 2 and a half hours using the coextrusion process. Furthermore, the film produced from the single layer process would require an extra step to glue the layers together using some sort of adhesive. Coextrusion is the least expensive means of producing layered films and the coextrusion system is capable of quick changeovers to minimize production line down time. Minimizing the Melt TemperatureThe efficiency of blown film extrusion can be improved by minimizing the temperature of the polymer melt. Reduction of the melt temperature causes the melt to require less heating in the extruder. Normal extrusion conditions have a melting temperature at about 190 C despite the fact that the temperature of the melt only needs to be about 135 C. However, it is not always practical to decrease the melting temperature by that much. By decreasing the melt temperature 2 to 20 C, the motor load can be decreased by about 1 to 10%. Furthermore, reduction of the melt temperature causes less need for cooling, so there is a reduced use of the cooling system. Moreover, removing heat from the bubble is usually the rate-limiting factor in this extrusion process, so by having less heat in the polymer to remove, the rate of the process can be increased, thus yielding higher productivity. A way to maintain the melt temperature at a minimum is to choose an extruder that is matched to the specific processing conditions, such as the material of the melt, pressure, and throughput. Heated Extrusion Die LipsTypically, solutions to melt fractures involve decreasing the output or increasing the melt temperature to decrease the shear stress in the extruder. Both of these methods are not ideal because they both reduce the efficiency of the blown film line. Heated extrusion die lips can solve this problem. This targeted heating method allows for film extruders to be run at higher production rates with narrower die gaps while eliminating melt fractures. Direct heat is applied to the surface of the polymer melt as it exits the die so that viscosity is reduced. Therefore, melt fractures, which are caused when trying to extrude too much of the polymer at one time, will no longer act as a limiting factor to increasing the production rate. Furthermore, heated die lips use less energy than increasing the melting temperature because only the surface of the melt is heated and not the bulk of the liquid. Another benefit of using heated die lips is that thickness variations can be controlled by adding heat to certain areas along the die circumference to make the film at that position thinner. This would ensure that no excess material is used. Determine how much energy each of these processes can save per given volume of material.
The ASSE: Everything You Should Know Regarding Occupational Health and Safety. One of the main things that can ensure smooth operations for your business is having a safe workplace. If an organization is on top of its safety and health procedures, it can have several benefits. The organization can flourish better if the employees have all the resources and necessities to keep them comfortable and safe. Occupational health and safety entails providing health and safety measures in various sectors and work environments. Even though most safety practices and procedures directly benefit your staff by making them feel safe from hazards, you will also have a great peace of mind when your health and safety is up to standard. The American Society for safety engineers is a professional safety organization that sets the standards for occupational safety and health. It has over 37,000 members who research, manage, supervise, and consult on occupational safety, health, and environmental concerns in all industries, education, and government. This organization has a number of practice specialties that concentrate on a specific industry or field of safety. Overwhelmed by the Complexity of Resources? This May Help
Because accidents are waiting to happen at every corner promoting awareness through a comprehensive health and safety training program can go a long way in minimizing risks and ensuring better workforce welfare and as a result, better productivity and growth for the entire enterprise. A Quick Overlook of Engineering – Your Cheatsheet
The ASSE uses various occupational health and safety management systems to manage health and safety practices and procedures. The safety management systems include health and safety policies, standards, systems, and records. An OHSMS can also include other essential areas such as incident management, compliance, risk management, consultation, emergency management, and hazard identification. ANSI require that standards be reviewed every 5 years to either be revised or reaffirmed. The ANSI/AIHA/ASSE Z10-2012 most recent occupation health and safety management standard available. It contains management systems and principles to enable organizations to improve their occupational health and safety continuously. The most significant elements in the implementation of occupational health and safety management systems is the familiarity with the OHS procedures and safety system requirements and training. Many organizations leave the often strenuous task of enforcing safety regulations to either the manager or supervisor. If you are a business owner, it is imperative to ensure that they are fully trained in safety procedure and its common practices to enable them to carry out their role effectively and with maximum efficiency. Also, with machinery power and sophistication on the rise, the risks are also increasing. For this reason, all your employees must know the fundamental steps and procedures to follow to achieve the highest level of health and safety in the workplace. Besides being vital, safety, health, and environmental training is mandatory in certain states.
The Responsibility Of The Company Administration Towards Meeting ASSE Safety Requirement Company safety plans are crucial as they determine the standards for safeguarding the safety of the workers. many firms have numerous departments and the staffs working in each of the sections are subject to a certain type of safety hazards that require creating separate safety policies for each department Nevertheless, the distinct safety requirements should be in line with the overall safety standards of the whole firm. Since failure to follow the set safety procedures result in direct effects on the workers, for instance, injuries, the workers are usually dedicated to ensuring their own safety in many organizations. The administration typically does not lose directly from incidence of safety risks, and therefore management of most firms normally follow the set safety standards only to meet the legal requirements. However, the ideal situation is when the management as well as the staffs make safety a primary goal and commit themselves to following safety measures in order to attain the overall objective. When safety procedures are followed by all the employees and supported by the management, the overall productivity of a company increases. Tragically, this kind of thought is very rare and mostly, organizations just put in place the least requirements by relevant workplace safety bodies. The promise of the management to enforce health and safety procedures in the workstation is the initial step that has a far reaching effect. For example, the higher administration can design and enforce safety rules, hire professionals for routine safety inspections and ensure the workers undertake ASSE safety courses. The audits ensures that the set safety standards are followed by the staffs and pinpoint the areas that require attention hence reducing or eliminating safety hazards in the workplace. Tragically, the company leadership often focuses more on quality, productivity and performance and often overlooks safety requirements. If the administration makes safety a priority, the staffs consequently adopt to the culture of safety to minimize accidents and injuries. If You Think You Understand Professionals, Then Read This
The American Society of Safety Engineers sets appropriate safety procedures and training that give zero room for miscommunication or confusion that might lead to safety issues. The safety requirements summarize the role of every player to promote safety in the workstation hence promoting accountability and strict observation of the set safety procedures. Even contractors have to adhere to the safety standards while operating in the organization premises even if they are not subject to the direct control of the upper management of a firm. The conditions of contract must indicate the key safety necessities of the contractors and include that they are under the set safety regulations during the project duration in which they work at the company’s premises or siteDoing Services The Right Way
Escrow is a term that represents a contract between two parties who keep a valuable to the third party who acts as an agent. Among the things that can be stored by the escrow are money, documents or properties. It is under various conditions that the services of escrow are required. A Software escrow service is a form of protection to the licensee of the software to ensure that they can access the security code if things go wrong. Most of the programmes can create a program where they can write a security code in it. Some of the programs that are created have a source code that can be transferred into programs that executable. The programs that are executable can be transferred for your own use.
Individuals who have knowledge and experience about the executable programs can source the security code and create the application themselves. If the software developer is not paid by paid by the company they created the software for they can file for a bankruptcy and the escrow agent can release the software source code to the licensee so that they can work with them.
It is important that parties that sign the escrows understand that there are necessities that must be met. The software escrow service offers custom software to different companies which are very vital and critical to the company itself. The maintenance of the software escrow must continue even if the licensor is not in a position to do so because of bankruptcy. You can do this using the easiest way which is to ask for an updated copy of the source code. In most cases the licensor is always reluctant to agree because the source code mainly represent a trade secret and they are very close guarded.
Apart from deception there are other things that can lead to the use of software escrow. Huge amount of money can be among the huge issues. Software escrow services agreements enables the purchaser to have some form of protection and this form of protection is strengthened when there is usage of source codes. The developer developing the program is protected from fraud by the software escrows. Developing some of this programs requires a lot of money and time because it can take days, months and even years. To let the two parties know what is expected of them, the software escrow agent can set up an agreement with the licensor and the licensee. If the terms that were set are not followed by either of the parties that the escrow agent can take action according to what was agreed. It is important to read the terms and conditions carefully before signing the agreement.
A Guide to Corporate Video Production Corporate video time consolidates the creation corporate specific contraptions and assistants, for example, best quality video, DVD and spilling recordings, just to give a couple of representations. These are differing media materials that are made on a very basic level for association or organization use and saw by a concentrated on social event of individuals. Instances of corporate recordings join thing and organization, constrained time, laborer get ready and information recordings. Period of corporate recordings is an affiliation attempt with the exchanges or propelling officer in control. Other standard instances of such recordings are staff security and get ready recordings, stamp publicizing films and even cash related data presentation recordings. From different points of view, corporate video creation is a skilled mechanical get together in familiarizing things and associations with the best conceivable number of potential and existing clients. It is in like manner an effective means in advancing an organization, its central goal and dreams, its focused on objectives and additionally its rundown of accomplishments to its specialty group of onlookers. The period of recordings joins huge inventive frameworks using the most recent being developed. For the most part, corporate recordings change as indicated by an organization’s specific prerequisites. The upsides of a corporate video era are the going with. Corporate recordings function admirably as a publicizing material. It is a certain method for displaying organization items and administrations – its details, components, works and even costs. The more novel and captivating that a video demonstrates a thing or association, the more drawn out the brand impression will remain in the view of focused purchasers and customers. 5 Uses For Production
An organization who forcefully takes part in video creation clearly has faith in the force of viral showcasing in the advancement of its items and administrations through recordings. An interchanges chief who tries to post even a solitary video, one that is fastidiously made thus absolutely novel and alluring, on YouTube, will have the capacity to appreciate monstrous picks up as far as brand picture maintenance and advancements, item notoriety and in the long run benefits. Dislike publicizing and advancement in print, corporate recordings are a considerably more viable method for connecting with an organization’s specialty gathering of people. Messages in recordings run over in a clearer, quicker, more authentic and better-saw way. The Essential Laws of Services Explained
Another immense preferred standpoint of a specialist corporate video incorporates the association itself. A video, particularly one that is professionally done, will work to the formal of the relationship as it demonstrates a positive photograph of the affiliation or get-together. One simply needs to ensure the high gauge of the video and its substance and such attempts will beyond question redesign the photo of the association or relationship in minds of clients, paying little respect to whether existing or unavoidable ones.